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Parlament site et cometide

Parliament seat and assignment

Site de le Europe Parlement  

Le Europe Parlement tene tri places de labore: Bruxelles (Belgie), Luxembourg et Strasbourg (France).
En Luxembourg se encontre le oficines administrative (le Secretaria General). Le reuniones de le Parlement, nomined 'sesiones plenaries ', que tene place en Strasbourg et quelque vece en Bruxelles. Le reuniones de le comision se celebre equalment en Bruxelles.


Cometide de le Parlement

Le Europe Parlement  labore en France, Belgie et Luxembourg et tene tri funciones principal.  

1. Aprover le Europe legislacion

Labore conjuntement con le Conseil en much ambits. Se que le PE sere elegide directement par le citizen aide garanter le legitimide democratik de le Europe legislación.

Le procedure plus comun par aprover le legislation de le EU es le "codecision". Este procedure situe a le Europe Parlement le Conseje en un plane de equalitie, et aplik a le legislacion en un grand rang de ambits.

En quelque ambits (par example, agriculture, economie politik, visas et inmigracion), solament legisla le Conseje, equalment, tene que consulter le Parlement. Plus, se requere le aprobacion de le Parlement par quelque decisions important, como par example permetire que nove pais entre a formar parte de le EU.

Le Parlement equalment impulse le nove legislacion examinend le programe de labore anoel de le Comision, estudie que nove leges serie apropied et demandend a le Comision que presente proposes.

Le plenes, a le que asiste tot le deputies, se celebre normalment en Estrasburgo (un semane a le mese) et quelque veces en Bruxelles (du dias). < /p>

 

2. Esercer le  control democratik

En tot le instituciones de le EU esercere un control, et en especial de le Comision. Tene potestad para aprover or no le nombramiente de le Comisaries, et derects a censurer a le Comision in su set.

Le Parlement eserce de quelque formes le control democratik de le otre Europe instituciones.

Quand un nove Comision entre en funciones, su membres es nomined par le goverments de le State Membres de le EU, no obstant, no pove ser designed sin le aprobacion de le Parlement. Le Parlement se interviuer con chanque un de eles individualment, incluend le nove eventual President de le Comision, et vote sur le aprobacion de le Comision en su conjunte.

A le longue de su mandatorie, le Comision es políticamente responsable ante le Parlement, que pove aprover un mocion de censure et demander le dimision de tot le Comision.

Plus generalment, le Parlement ejerce le control examinend regularment le informes que se envoye le Comision (informe general anual, informes de le ejecución de le presuposed, etc. ). By otre part, le deputies de le Parlement European propone regularment questions a le Comision, que le Comisarios esta legalmente obligados a responder.

Le Parlement also supervisa le laboret de le Conseil: Le deputies propone regularment questions a le Conseil, et le President de Le Conseil asiste a le plens de le PE et participa en le debates important.

Le Parlement pove also ejercer le control democrático examinend le petitions de le citians et creand comisions de investigation.

Finalment, le Parlement aporte ideas a le cumbres de le UE (reunions de le European Conseil). En le ouverture de chaque cumbre sabe invite a le President de Le parlement a expreser le opinions et inquietudes de sue institucion ante determinados problemes et punts de le order de le die de le European Conseil.


3. Le power de le monete .

Le Parlement comparte con le Consejo le presupuestaria autoritie de le UE, et ele pove by tante influer en le depense de le UE. a Le final de le presupuestario procedure, le Parlement adopte or rejete le budget in su totalitie.

Le budget de anual de le UE es decidide conjuntement por le Parlement et le Conseil. Le Parlement elo discute en du lectures sucesive, et le budget no entra en vigor hasta que elo signe sue Presidente.

Le Comision de Control Presupuestario de le Parlement (COCOBU) supervisa como se gaste le budget, et anualment le Parlement  decide si ele aprove or no le management por le Comision de le presuposed de le exercicie previse. Este procese de aprobation es técnicamente conocido como "decharge ".

Europeam Parliament Seat

The European Parliament has three places of work: Brussels (Belgium), Luxembourg and Strasbourg (France).
Luxembourg is home to the administrative offices (the ‘General Secretariat’). Meetings of the whole Parliament, known as ‘plenary sessions’, take place in Strasbourg and sometimes in Brussels. Committee meetings are also held in Brussels.

 Parliament has three main roles:
 

 Parlament Assignment

  1. Passing European laws – jointly with the Council in many policy areas. The fact that the EP is directly elected by the citizens helps guarantee the democratic legitimacy of European law.
  2. Parliament exercises democratic supervision over the other EU institutions, and in particular the Commission. It has the power to approve or reject the nomination of commissioners, and it has the right to censure the Commission as a whole.
  3. The power of the purse. Parliament shares with the Council authority over the EU budget and can therefore influence EU spending. At the end of the procedure, it adopts or rejects the budget in its entirety.

These three roles are described in greater detail below.


1. Passing European laws

The most common procedure for adopting (i.e. passing) EU legislation is ‘codecision’. This procedure places the European Parliament and the Council on an equal footing and it applies to legislation in a wide range of fields.
In some fields (for example agriculture, economic policy, visas and immigration), the Council alone legislates, but it has to consult Parliament. In addition, Parliament’s assent is required for certain important decisions, such as allowing new countries to join the EU.

Parliament also provides impetus for new legislation by examining the Commission’s annual work programme, considering what new laws would be appropriate and asking the Commission to put forward proposals.

 

2. Democratic supervision

Parliament exercises democratic supervision over the other European institutions. It does so in several ways.
When a new Commission takes office, its members are nominated by the EU member state governments but they cannot be appointed without Parliament’s approval. Parliament interviews each of them individually, including the prospective Commission President, and then votes on whether to approve the Commission as a whole.

Throughout its term of office, the Commission remains politically accountable to Parliament, which can pass a ‘motion of censure’ calling for the Commission’s mass resignation.

More generally, Parliament exercises control by regularly examining reports sent to it by the Commission (the annual general report, reports on the implementation of the budget, etc.). Moreover, MEPs regularly ask the Commission questions which the commissioners are legally required to answer.

Parliament also monitors the work of the Council: MEPs regularly ask the Council questions, and the President of the Council attends the EP’s plenary sessions and takes part in important debates.
Parliament can exercise further democratic control by examining petitions from citizens and setting up committees of inquiry.

Finally, Parliament provides input to every EU summit (the European Council meetings). At the opening of each summit, the President of Parliament is invited to express Parliament's views and concerns about topical issues and the items on the European Council's agenda.


3. The power of the purse

The EU’s annual budget is decided jointly by Parliament and the Council. Parliament debates it in two successive readings, and the budget does not come into force until it has been signed by the President of Parliament.

Parliament's Committee on Budgetary Control (COCOBU) monitors how the budget is spent, and each year Parliament decides whether to approve the Commission’s handling of the budget for the previous financial year. This approval process is technically known as ‘granting a discharge’.


Site de le Parlement en Estrasburgo

Parliament Seat in Strasbourg


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